FIDR is a non-governmental organization working to support children in developing countries and people affected by disasters.

Nutrition

A World Problem - Unable to take sufficient nutrition indispensable for healthy lives

It is reported that more than 1/3 of death of children under five years of age results from malnutrition. Malnutrition does not necessarily mean extremely thin and weak body resulting from insufficient food intake. Even if quantity of food intake is sufficient, poor nutritional balance causes weak body resistance, susceptibility to sickness, and poor recovery which may lead to death.

Taking nutritionally balanced diet is a world wide concern. Especially in developing countries, unbalanced diets are often taken because of financial difficulties or lack of knowledge.

If child does not take sufficient nutrition in growth period, the body growth will become below average in weight and height, and learning ability as well as physical one will be less developed. If woman in pregnancy and lactation period take insufficient nutrients, adverse effect is caused in child birth and growth.

Proportion and number of children with short height under 5 years of age

Proportion and number of underweight children under 5 years of age

(UNICEF, WHO, World Bank (2012), Levels & Trends in Child Malnutrition)

Main Causes

Unable to provide appropriate meals for children due to the lack of understanding on nutrition
Lack of qualified people and opportunity for nutrition education
Unable to provide balanced diet due to financial difficulties
Few variety in food ingredients due to monoculture of local agricultural production