FIDR is a non-governmental organization working to support children in developing countries and people affected by disasters.

Agriculture/Rural Development

A World Problem -Difficulties in living on agriculture and worsening poverty

In developing countries, the majority of the population lives in rural areas and make their living in the agriculture sector. Their living conditions are low compared to the people in urban areas as their agricultural production falls short in scale and productivity. In recent years, the use of chemical fertilizer and pesticide weighted financial burden on them, alongside negative effects to the environment. Furthermore, climate change has threatened crop production.

Even though they farm, it does not yield enough for them to be self-sustainable, thus they still spend a lot of money to buy food. In addition, there are still many cases that they borrow a large sum of money for urgent medical treatment or sudden ceremonial occasions, such as weddings and funerals. If they sell their own property, such as fields and livestock, to repay their debt, they will fall into a vicious circle of poverty. It has become more common that men, who are breadwinners, go away to work to earn money, and only women take charge of farm work. Improving agricultural productivity of small-scale farmers is a solution, not only for food problems, but also for poverty reduction.

Source : FAO(2018)

Main Causes

・Scarce opportunities to acquire knowledge and skills to increase agricultural productivity
・Insufficient agricultural infrastructures including irrigation and road
・Weak market accessibility to sell agricultural products at reasonable prices
・Weak cooperation and network among farmers

Our Approach

In Cambodia, the gap between urban and rural areas is widening. The poverty rate in the capital city Phnom Penh is 7.0%, while in Kampong Chhnang province, a rural area, is 46.5%. For this reason, both males and females of the working generation living in rural areas, work away from home or work in factories in urban cities to earn higher income. Grandparents and children are left in rural areas with the agriculture sector, practiced for generations, has become on a contracted in scale. FIDR has been promoting the introduction of vegetable cultivation and poultry farming, in addition to increasing rice production by SRI farming method, so that residents are able to meet sufficient nutritional needs and maintain their health.